Archive for June 2009

iPhone 3GS – 1 Million & Counting – Where’s the Bandwidth (Beef)?

In the 1980’s, the Wendy’s commercial, “Where’s the beef?” became extremely popular. This commercial helped Wendy’s catapult its position in the market as a fast food restaurant delivering the “beef.” Fast forward to Father’s day (June 21, 2009) when more than a million iPhone 3G S were sold on the 1st weekend of its debut. Adding to more than 139 Million Smartphones sold worldwide in year 2008 (Gartner), Smartphones have now attained a stable 12% proportion of all mobile device sales worldwide. Not to be left behind, cloud computing is also quickly gaining momentum with worldwide sales of “Netbooks” – devices that are expected to be “always-connected” and rely on the “cloud” for business applications and storage approximating 15 million units in year 2008, expected to reach about 27 million units in year 2009 (Displaybank).

While the Smartphone and Netbook sales are great news for the device manufacturers, one has to question how are all these devices going to be supported on the 3G networks? In other words, “Where’s the bandwidth?” published a study on worldwide user experience on 3G networks and found that in metropolitan areas such as San Francisco, 10 out of 30 respondents reported very slow speeds, barely surpassing the speed of the EDGE networks. (

Somewhat in anticipation of increased demand, AT&T is rolling out HSDPA 7.2 to support the newer, higher speed devices; however, that rollout is expected to continue through year 2011 ( But, it is a classic case of demand far outpacing the supply.  Operators such as AT&T, T-Mobile and Sprint clearly have a challenging situation on-hand. The increasing broadband data bandwidth opportunity for maximizing ARPU needs to be balanced with pricing/delivery models that provide the best consumer experience.

So, what are the possible options for the operators?

  1. Network Optimization – Vendors such as Openwave and Bytemobile provide solutions for data compression for efficient Bandwidth Management for the Wireless Networks.
  2. Policing the “Power Users” or “Abusers” – To maximize customer adoption of the wireless broadband services, operators provide unlimited usage for Smartphones. However, such “unlimited” packages can become resource sinks for the operators. Initiating policy that reduces the speed down to 2G speeds for abusers may be helpful in permitting the profitable users to continue to receive a great user experience. reports that Vodafone, Hungary is trying this approach.
  3. “Quotas” for data – AT&T already has quotas for its DataConnect plans for connecting PCs to the Wireless Internet – limiting total bandwidth usage to 5GB per month. Such “quotas” can also be extended to the Smartphone data plans
  4. Use creative limits or tiered pricing based on (Kevin Fitchard, has mentioned this approach)
    • Speed – For example, several tiers of services can be offered based on maximum data speed, while still providing an all-you-can-eat pricing for overall bandwidth per month
    • Quality of service – For example, guaranteed VoIP service for an extra price
    • Application – For example, video streaming or online games can be offered separate pricing
    • Subscriber profile –  For example, triple play subscriber may be eligible for different pricing
    • Subscriber usage history – For example, occasional heavy user may be eligible for different pricing
    • Device being used – For example, High-speed 3G (HSDPA 7.2) devices may be priced higher
    • Time-of-day – Off-peak users may be offered lower pricing
    • Other attributes

Clearly, the increase in Smartphone sales even during such recessionary times indicates the consumers’ insatiable desire for rich information on-the-go. The easier it gets to browse the Web, create and consume social media (Web 2.0) from sources such as Facebook, Twitter, etc., create and consume news, entertainment from a mobile device, the more the consumer is hooked on to become an “always-connected” person. However, it is very clear from the demand and supply curves for bandwidth that the demand is expected to continue to outstrip supply for the next 2-5 years.

One can easily draw comparisons to several other mature markets for services where a tiered/restricted pricing and delivery model has been well-accepted by consumers:

  • Wireline DSL – Pay more for higher speeds
  • Automated Teller Machines – Consumer pays when using an “out-of-network” machine
  • Electric utilities – Opt-in for lower off-peak rates if you agree to use major appliances during off-peak usage times

In conclusion, as many more Smartphones come online, the consumers will be asking the question, “Where’s the Bandwidth?” Operators can more than prepare themselves for this eventuality by adopting Network Optimization, Bandwidth Policies, Quotas or Tiered Pricing or a combination of these solutions for pricing and delivery of services to help consumers get the best user experience for their buck.  These solutions provide faster time-to-market, a value-driven user experience and significantly better ROI as the build-out of long-term, capital intensive infrastructure for 4G starts taking place.

Update:  Sept 30, 2009 – The lack of consistent bandwidth on the network brings down AT&T’s customer satisfaction ratings. (iPhone Actually Hurting AT&T Customer Satisfaction). See also (AT&T Is A Big, Steaming Heap Of Failure).

Update: June 2, 2010 – Finally, one year later, at&t cancels the “all you can eat” plan in favor of plans with bandwidth limits. $25 plan for 2gb and $15 plan for 200mb. at&t claims that the $15 plan is suitable for 65% of current users and the $25 plan is suitable for 98% of its users (2 sigma and 3 sigma on a bell curve). At least the announcement timing is right – just before the new iphone comes out. (AT&T caps phone data usage with new plans)

SaaS to merge Five Customer Service Contact Center layers into One?

Gartner defines five layers of Customer Service Contact Center:

  1. CRM business applications for customer interaction
  2. Infrastructure – CTI, IVR, ACD, Chat, Instant Messaging, Alerts
  3. Workforce Optimization (Workforce Management, Call Recording, Quality Monitoring, etc.)
  4. Enterprise Feedback Management
  5. Offline and Real-time Analytical Tools

According to Gartner, Siebel, Microsoft and are leaders in CRM business applications layer whereas Genesys, Cisco and Avaya are leaders in the Contact Center Infrastructure layer.

As one can only imagine, the leaders in each of these space are constantly addressing needs in adjacent markets and as a result, these layers aren’t quite as black and white as they are made out to be. For instance, Genesys offers significant offerings in all but the CRM business applications layer.

The combination of all such required capabilities required is also quite a burden on contact center operations and it was therefore but natural that there could be market potential for a service provider that can combine all these capabilities and offer them without the painful undertaking of a multi-million dollar, multi-year rollout.

New entrants such as LiveOps hope to ease this pain and enable medium-sized businesses to quickly acquire all these capabilities. Additionally, with quick and easy deployment, these service providers also can provide quick access to such capabilities to meet “peaking” demands. The LiveOps claim is “Contact Center in the Cloud.”

Michael Maoz, Vice President and Distinguished Analyst at Gartner, says in the CRM Customer Service Contact Centers Magic Quadrant report that as more applications are built in a cloud-based model, “by 2011, SaaS will evolve from an interesting alternative delivery model into a critical selection factor at all levels of the customer service contact center.” (Also mentioned in:

Only time will tell how successful such SaaS providers will be in merging all these complex capabilities into one, easily deployed solution. Meanwhile, it will be interesting to see if any of the existing leaders in the current market segments joins the new, emerging market for a complete SaaS solution. Such a move will only accelerate the market even more.

What a good Proactive Contact (alert/notification) solution needs to have?

The critical success factors for a successful Proactive Contact (alerts and notifications) system are:

  1. a flexible rules engine that can determine programmatically when to notify AND the capability to do ad-hoc notifications
  2. multimedia (based on opt-in preferences indicated by user)
  3. Acknowledgement provisions (system acknowledgement or user acknowledgement)
  4. Escalation capabilities – if text message not acknowledged within 2 hours, deliver a voice notification
  5. Flexible treatments – if delivering a voice call and you get a busy signal, try again in 30 minutes for 3 times
  6. Very comprehensive reporting showing end-to-end call/email/SMS flow as well as summary information (3,749 text messages sent; 3,740 delivered; 9 undelivered; 3,232 users acknowledged; and so on…)
  7. Ability to handle inbound calls/emails/SMS in case users respond and want to talk back for clarification
  8. Interactive notifications – not just one way, but providing ability to interact via DTMF or Speech
  9. Easy integration with CRM/ERP/Active Directory systems so that master contact data can be managed centrally and used by the Proactive Contact system when needed